Read Is That a Frog or Toad? and answer the questions on notebook paper. Also read for the 25 book challenge:)
Is That a Frog or Toad?
by Guy Belleranti
What's the first thing you think of when you see or hear the words frog and toad? Loud "ribbits" or "croaking" calls? Tadpoles swimming in a pond? Long-legged jumpers?
Well, frogs and toads do make loud vocal sounds. And most do begin as tadpoles (though there are a few species that give birth to live young). However, only the true frog is a long-legged jumper. True toads have much shorter back legs that work better for walking or tiny hops.
Toads are actually a type of frog but with some important differences. First, however, let's list some of the other ways frogs and toads are the same:
Both are amphibians. They begin their lives in water, hatching from jelly-like eggs into tadpoles. Then, while living in the water the tadpoles go through a series of body changes called metamorphosis. The end result is a frog or toad.
Both are ectothermic or "cold-blooded". This doesn't mean their blood is always cold. It means that their body temperatures are similar to their surroundings.
Unlike fish and reptiles, neither frogs nor toads have scales. They both have water-tight skin.
The adult forms of both animals have no tails. Both begin their lives as tadpoles with tails for swimming, but the tails disappear as they grow into adulthood.
Both have long sticky tongues that can flick out fast to catch bugs. They also eat other wiggly and juicy things like worms and slugs.
Depending on the size and species they might also eat tiny fish and other small animals. Both usually swallow their food whole. Gulp, gulp.